The Appenzeller Sennenhund breed of dog is one of the breeds that fall under the Sennen dog. It is also among the rarest of the four types of the sennen family. Its origin is believed to be the Appenzeller Mountains, which are located in Switzerland. As a matter of fact, the term Sennenhund can be traced back to the Senn herders who used to live in the Swiss Alps.
The dog was first bred in the late 1890s or early 1900s and is probably a crossbreed between the appenzeller mountain dog and the Spitz breed.
The Appenzeller is a midsized dog. It has a length of approximately 23 inches (58 cm) and weighs between 50 and 70 pounds( 22.5 -32 kgs). It has a deep and broad chest, oval to round shaped ribs, and a level backline. The dog also has small dark eyes, broad head, and a black nose. The appenzeller has a firm, flat, and broad croup. Its strong loin and straight legs make it a very powerful dog. One unique body feature of the breed is its tail, which is always kinked (rolled up). This is what distinguishes it from the other four Sennen breeds.
The dog has a two-layered coat, which is shiny and very dense. The topcoat is the thickest and shiniest, while the undercoat is less shiny but is also dense. It is slightly wavy on the withers and back. Additionally, the coat is closefitting and very firm thus making it easy to groom. A simple brushing will easily remove any dead hair.
The Appenzeller Sennenhund is mostly found in two colors. These are either black tricolor, or rusty-red tricolor. The most common is the black colored coat, which features reddish-tan markings on the head, legs, as well as the chest.
The Appenzeller is well known for its faithfulness, energy, and full of life nature. It likes running around a lot. This is attributed to the fact that it was initially bred as a hunting dog. Therefore, its hunting traits will always come out once in a while. It makes a very good hunting or shepherd dog due to its agility. Apart from being an intelligent and fearless dog, it is also known too bark quite often as well as showing aggression especially to strangers. It is therefore important to socialize and train the dog as early as possible. This helps in dealing with its constant barking, and anxiousness.
Due to its high energy, the dog requires a great deal of exercises. This helps to burn down the extra energy. It also improves the bonding between the dog and its owner. Therefore, if you are not a very active person or is not always around, you may find it challenging to keep up with the dog’s activeness.
The Appenzeller Sennenhund does not have any major health issues. It can comfortably thrive in any environment without any complications. Nevertheless, it is necessary to regularly take the dog to a vet. Doing so will ensure that the dog will always be happy by your side for at least 12 to 13 years.